The loss of biodiversity is one of the biggest problems facing humanity. Over the last century, we have seen unprecedented real GDP growth and have made huge progress on many fronts such as benefitting from improvements in mortality rates and technological advances. Unfortunately, in the process we have chosen to ignore nature and have altered 75% of the earth’s surface and 66% of the marine environment1 to satisfy our consumption and energy needs.
It is estimated that 50% of the global GDP is highly or moderately dependent on nature2 and that the damage to our ecosystems and the associated loss of biodiversity could represent a risk to the global economy of $10tn by 2050.
We consider biodiversity loss as an urgent crisis at par and if not even more important than climate change, which is one of the five main causes of biodiversity loss alongside pollution, direct exploitation of the organisms, change in sea use and land use and invasion of alien species. It is important to understand that all of these causes are interconnected and need to be addressed simultaneously.
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